Scalable Measures for Automated Recognition Technologies

Financed by European Comission and Cofinanced by the National Authority for Research trough UEFISCDI - Capacitati project 165EU


News   Description    Objectives and mission      Motivation    Target group     Consortium   Official page             Română English


  • July 2014, project is finished! Participation in the final review meeting, Malta, 18 July 2014. Second deliverable "Cloud computing - security issues" presented part of the meeting
  • Paper "A survey on security and legal issues in public cloud services" by Alexandru Butoi and Gheorghe Cosmin Silaghi presented part of the 13th International conference on Informatics in Economy, Bucharest, 15 May 2014
  • Participation in the workshop Smart Surveillance: Global Perspectives, Perth, 4-6 February 2014. Gheorghe Cosmin Silaghi presented the talk: "Lawful interception and OSINT: IT infrastructures challenges and capabilities"

Project description


Automated recognition of individuals and/or pre-determined traits or risk factors/criteria lies at the basis of smart surveillance systems. Yet new EU regulations and specifically those on information sharing between police and security forces explicitly prohibit automated decision-taking regarding individuals unless“authorised by a law which also lays down measures to safeguard the data subject’s legitimate interests” (Art 7, CFD 2008/977/JHA). Which laws are applicable in this context? What measures are envisioned? What else should the law contain? Can the laws be technology-neutral but sector specific, thus permitting a measured approach to the appropriateness of smart surveillance technologies in key security applications? Can they be extended to all security applications of smart surveillance, even those not covered by CFD 2008/977/JHA?

The SMART project addresses these and other questions through a comprehensive approach which combines a technical review of key application areas by sector with a review of existing pertinent legislation to then produce a set of guidelines and a model law compliant with CFD 2008/977/JHA and EU Directive 46/95.

Objective and mission 


SMART project addresses the questions of automated decision taking with respect to the “smart surveillance” technologies in a society where privacy and data protection are fundamental rights. The risks and opportunities inherent to the use of smart surveillance will be evaluated and a number of technical, procedural and legal options for safeguards will be developed. SMART aims to create a toolkit which would inform system designers, policy makers and legislative bodies across Europe and beyond.

SMART Objectives

  1. Determine the state of the art and likely future trends of smart surveillance, its proportionality and impact on privacy in four key application area.
  2. Identify dependency and vulnerability of smart surveillance on underlying technology infrastructures (especially telecommunications networks) and explore system integrity and privacy issues therein.
  3. Identify and explore smart surveillance and privacy issues in cyberspace.
  4. Map out characteristics of laws governing surveillance and identify lacunae/new safeguards as well as best practices.
  5. Map out characteristics of laws governing interoperability and data exchange and identify lacunae/new safeguards as well as best practices.
  6. Explore the attitudes and beliefs of citizens towards smart surveillance.
  7. Establish best-practice criteria developed on the basis of operational efficiency, established legal principles and citizen perceptions.
  8. Develop a toolkit for policy-makers, police and security forces to implement and promote the best practice approach, including the development of system design guidelines and a model law balancing privacy and security concerns which would be capable of pan-European application.


  1. Criteria for fairness covering efficiency, proportionality, privacy and data protection: The SMART project will develop formal criteria for the privacy friendly use of smart surveillance thus producing “fairness criteria”.
  2. From Best practice to System Design /Operating guidelines + Model Law containing safeguards: The SMART project will develop a toolkit for policy-makers, system designers, legislators and police/security forces to implement and promote a best practice approach based on the fairness criteria established during the previous phase of the project. The project will establish the dynamic interrelationship between the different sources of regulation and develop measures appropriate to minimise the risks to privacy and data protection.



Surveillance as a legal and ethical issue in a growing debate over efficacy and privacy. It is often difficult to bridge the gulf between the evidence on the (in)effectiveness of surveillance and the apparently increased resolve of politicians and security operators to invest in more expensive technology- enabled surveillance systems. This difference between evidence and implementation of technology can be seen both within and outside the EU. Many patterns and trends in the deployment of smart surveillance technologies seem to be universal.

Recent trends in progression from stand-alone CCTV to Smart Surveillance. Close scrutiny of the latest developments around Europe, Australia, China and the United States show a growing interest in investing in city or indeed nation-wide, all-pervasive surveillance systems many of which would fall into the category of smart surveillance. A recent example is the Australia Communications and Media Authority consultation document of a smart surveillance system called “Intelligent Transport System.”

Target group 


  • Policy makers
  • Research and academia
  • Intelligence, police and security forces
  • Citizens
  • Mass media



Project co-ordinator: Department of Information Policy and Governance, University of Malta - Prof. Joseph Cannataci


  1. University of Central Lancashire, School of Forensic and Investigative Sciences - UK
  2. University of Malta -Malta
  3. University of Ljubljana - Slovenia
  4. Laboratorio di Scienze della Cittadinanza - Italy
  5. Babes-Bolyai University of Cluj Napoca - Romania
  6. Universitetet i Oslo - Norway
  7. Universidad de Leon - Spain
  8. Law and Internet Foundation - Bulgaria
  9. Masarykova univerzita - Czech Republic
  10. Edith Cowan University - Australia
  11. Georg-August-Universität Göttingen Stiftung Öffentlichen Rechts - Germany
  12. Sheffield University - UK
  13. Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Universität Hannover - Germany
  14. CNR National Research Council - Italy
  15. Univerzita Komenskeho v Bratislave - Slovakia
  16. Rijksuniversiteit Groningen - Netherlands
  17. University of Vienna - Austria
  18. Morpho - France
  19. INTERPOL - France